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Over Pronation

Over pronators will have the same heel strike as a normal pronator, the outside of the heel will strike first. The key difference is that the inward rolling motion for over pronation is that the rolling will be more than the ideal 15%. This will lead to the foot having problems with stability and the shock isn't absorbed efficiently. As the stride cycle ends the front of the foot will use the big toe and the second toe to push off. Runners that have flat feet or low arches are typically over pronators. The best shoe type will be:
Stability: Provides extra shock absorption in midfoot area.
Minimalist: As close as you can get to barefoot running. Ideal for "natural running."

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Normal Pronation

The outer part of the heel will make the initial contact with the ground. To have complete contact with the ground, the foot will roll inward about 15%. This slight inward motion can support your own body weight with no problems. The rolling in the foot allows the shock to be absorbed evenly. As the stride cycle ends, the runner will push off evenly from the front of the foot. Runners with normal arches usually are considered to be a normal pronator.

The best shoe type will be:
Neutral: Provides extra shock absorption in midfoot area.
Minimalist: As close as you can get to barefoot running. Ideal for "natural running."

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Under Pronation

Under pronation is less likely to occur with runners. The outside part of the heel will be the first to hit the ground but the ankle will roll inward less than 15%. Due to less rolling, the impact of the strike will be concentrated more on the smaller outside area of the foot and is not distributed evenly. During push off, the work will be done by the smaller outside toes. Typically high arched runners will experience under pronation.

The best shoe type will be:
Comfort: Padded for extra comfort and stability.